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Volokolamskie estates


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The far north-west corner of the Moscow region is known for several large noble estates that emerged in the 18-19th centuries. In the Volokolamsk district representatives of ancient and noble families settled their ancestral nest — Chernyshevs, Urusovs, Prozorovskys, Muravievs, Bezobrazovs, Shakhovskys, Zagryazhskys, Goncharovs, Meshcherskys, and others. Neighbors of landholdings often had not only friendly, but also close family relationships, which allows us to speak about a special atmosphere of the manor life of Volokolamsk landlords. Among them were high state officials, military leaders, freethinkers, and creativity-gifted people who left a mark on culture. Each of the estates has its own unique architectural look, its own unique history with many interesting facts, legends, and secrets. Today, despite all the destruction brought upon the noble nest in the 20th century, there are still picturesque remnants of true beauty, and vivid evidence of past life.

Description of the estate Ostashevo:

This estate had many owners over the centuries, but is known in history for the names Urusovs, Muravievs and Grand Duke Konstantin Romanov. It was first established in the late 18th century as an architectural complex in a classical style, the remains of which can still be seen today. The Muravievs brought to the mansion the romantic spirit of freedom, linking the history of Ostashevo with the Decembrists and the legend of the draft constitution being hidden here. From the Muravievs remains the most impressive building of the estate — Gothic stables with a high tower. The last owner, the Grand Duke Konstantin is better known under the poetic pseudonym of “KR”. In Ostashevo a church-tomb stylized after ancient Russian Pskov churches was built by him for his son Oleg who was killed in the war. Today it is being restored from the ruins.

Description of the estate Ivanovo-Bezobrazovo:

Historic patrimony of the ancient Bezobrazov family which was owned by them before the revolution. The estate was built up in the second half of the 18th century in a beautiful location on a tall hill. A modest in architecture manor house conceals within itself walls from the middle of the 18th century — it is a rare manor house in the Baroque style. A most interesting Znamenskaya church with a rotunda with two bell towers on the west facade is a rare example of the type of cathedrals common in Moscow architecture of late 18th century classicism. The image of the established manor nest is supplemented with outbuildings with gothic elements on the facades. Although on the estate a technical school has been set up and there has been distortion of the territory with new buildings, Ivanovo-Bezobrazov has remarkably preserved original buildings from the 18th century.

Description of the estate Yaropolets Goncharovs:

The ancient village that belonged to the tsars of Moscow and formerly was palatial hunting grounds in the 17th century was granted to the deposed Ukrainian hetman P. Doroshenko, who lived here for the rest of his days, and was buried here (the tomb with a chapel has been preserved). Then the Yaropolets land was divided into two ownerships. The Zagryazhsk-Goncharov estate is famous for two visits here by the famous A. Pushkin and the stories about the poet and the Goncharov family. A magnificent architectural and park ensemble of classicism has been preserved here, one of the best in the Moscow region.

Description of the estate Yaropolets Chernyshevs:
<p>The estate was built in a grand way by one of Catherine’s dignitaries, Count Z. Chernyshev, who for his designs brought in the best architects and artists. Yaropolets even then was called the “Russian Versailles” and stood out among the most magnificent and artistically valuable aristocratic residences. In 1775, Catherine the Great traveled here with her entourage, which is still reminded of today by a marble obelisk preserved in the park. Today, the glory of the Chernyshev’s Yaropolets is a thing of the past, the estate never recovered from <nobr>post-revolutionary</nobr> and war devastation. However, the architecture of the palace and especially the Kazan Church, which has no compositional analogue, as well as the fanciful mazes of the park will not leave the traveler indifferent. Located in the center of the village in an early 20th century building is a historical museum with an exposition on the history of the village and the estates.</p>
<p>The return to Moscow, 120 km.</p>



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